CSPC 2015-2016 Fellows Review
The 2015-2016 Presidential Fellows have expertly navigated the delicate balance between academic and practitioner perspectives and come to better understand their own personal potential to influence public affairs. Sixty-six Fellows attended the fall and spring conferences; of those students, fifty-four were American students hailing from fifty-six schools and twelve were foreign students. Each student attends the conferences committed to advancing their specific research objectives for their fellowship papers, but the commitment to Presidential and Congressional leadership and public policy allows for engaged discussions. Despite the political turmoil that permeates America’s national political environment, the Fellows found common ground amongst themselves and this anthology is the reward of that cooperative spirit.
The papers that follow were written in the midst of historic political conditions and purposefully address popular topics that have attracted considerable attention from a broad audience. The Fellows write with scholarly authority so as to better inform non-specialist readers. The Fellows’ work will stand the test of time because its creation was aided by Washington-based expert mentors, Fellows alumni, friends of the Center for the Study of the Presidency and Congress, and academic advisors. This collective effort to elicit the Fellows’ finest scholarship is an approach that maximizes networks and introduces the Fellows to a professional community that is eager to share with them. At its core, this fellowship offers a lively exchange that broadens the perspectives of all participants, guest speakers, and Fellows alike.
Through intensive discussion, in small and large venues, it was readily apparent that the Fellows encompass a broad spectrum. Students come from public universities, private colleges, military academies, and foreign graduate programs. Every student acknowledged the numerous challenges facing America at home and abroad, but there was general enthusiasm that practical solutions could be achieved. In essence, reform was the common theme. Institutional reform to overcome political dysfunction was offered by several conference speakers. Greater reliance on strategic thinking was advocated by other highprofile speakers. For many Fellows, however, attitudinal reform and societal reorientation were necessary to unlock America’s civic potential and address the challenges of the twentyfirst century. The respectful and polite atmosphere throughout ensured that innovative thinking was encouraged, bold ideas were welcomed, and disagreements were amicably resolved.
This publication showcases twenty of the exceptional research papers submitted by this year’s sixty-six Fellows. The superior depth of understanding and laudable clarity offered in these research papers made it very difficult to select only twenty papers. We have chosen to highlight the great variety of outlooks and interests among the Fellows. In the end, the topical breadth offered in this book delivers a richness of analysis that is not found elsewhere.
This year’s anthology will be divided into four main parts: Domestic Policy; Foreign Policy; Campaigns, Communication, and Elections; and Presidential-Congressional Relations. Following these sections you will find abstracts for many other exceptional papers whose publication were proscribed due to space constraints. Although all the papers in this volume are excellent, I would like to especially recognize four of the papers included here. Each year Fellows compete for four awards— the v Donald B. Marron Award for Best Historical Analysis, the James R. Moffett Award for the Most Original Analysis of the Presidency or Congress, the Robert A. Kilmarx Award for the Best Military, Intelligence, or National Security Strategic Analysis, and the David M. Abshire Award for Most Outstanding Paper by an International Fellow. The Marron Award winner is William Shirey of the University of Pennsylvania for his exceptional paper, “The Big Stick Split in Two: Roosevelt v. Hay on the Anglo-American Relationship.” This year’s Moffett Award winner is Neil Noronha of Georgetown University for his wonderful paper, “More than Foreign Policy and the Military: The National Security Council Staff Post-Cold War.” Adrienne Liu of the University of Southern California is the Kilmarx Award winner for her outstanding paper, “The Roaring Lion: Scottish Nationalism, Self-Determination, and American Security.” The winner of the Abshire Award is Yuka Koshino of Keio University for her excellent paper, “How Did Obama Embolden China? Comparative Analysis of “Engagement” and “Containment” in Post-Cold War Sino-American Relations.”
The sixty-six Fellows now join an alumni base totaling over 1,000 members, and I am confident they will contribute to this respectable group. Alumni of the Fellows program have assumed leadership positions as Capitol Hill and White House staffers, state legislators, senior military leaders, award-winning journalists, CEOs of corporations and non-profit organizations and university presidents, deans, and vice-presidents. We are grateful for their continued dedication to the program.
Finally, I would like to acknowledge the assistance of our esteemed judges, LTJG Gary Bernstein, Dr. Gary Donato, and Dr. Robert Henderson, in their evaluation of the Fellows papers for awards and publication. With gratitude, I also acknowledge CSPC staff members Dan Mahaffee, Collin O’Dell, Hurst Renner, Sara Spancake, Michael Stetcher, and Madeline Vale for their assistance throughout the Fellowship year. I want to especially thank Max Angerholzer and Elizabeth Perch for their incredible support and leadership that sustained the program through its continued international expansion. Assistance in editing was provided by wonderful interns Adrienne Davis, Pierce Deamer, Lorenzo Falchi, Katie Jannotta, Melody Lin, Pooja Patel, and Miles Varn. It has been a pleasure to work with the 2015-2016 class of Fellows, and I hope you afford ample time to peruse the wonderful papers in this anthology.
Jeff Shaffer Director CSPC Fellows Program
CSPC's mission is to apply the lessons of history to address today’s political challenges; Develop real-world strategic policy solutions by convening representatives from government, academia, and the private sector; and educate the next generation of leaders.