Home Publications Presidential Fellows Works The Fellows Review 2010-2011

Text of The Fellows Review 2010-2011

Note -- The papers of the Center's Presidential Fellows program represent an individual Fellow's research. The papers do not represent the Center's positions, thoughts, or work.



Foreword - Dr. David M. Abshire, President

Mentors of the 2010-2011 Fellows

Named Presidential Fellowships

Preface- Parry K. VanLandingham, Director of the Fellows Program, and Wuleta Endale, Coordinator of the Fellows Program

Part 1 - Beyond Our Borders: The Challenges of Foreign Policy

I. Lessons of History for American Foreign Policy

The Kennedy Model: A Twenty-first Century Approach to Development in Ethiopia – Gregory M. Bernstein, United States Coast Guard Academy

American Missiles in Turkey: Ideological Dissonance and the Paradox of Proximity – George E. Bogden, Yale University

Establishing a Partnership with Latin America in a Post 9/11 World: Lessons from History – Allison L. La Gatta, James Madison University

Chinese Rapprochement under Nixon: A Case Study in Foreign Policy Bureaucracy and Decision-making – Joshua D. Roselman, Dartmouth College

II. Current Dilemmas in Foreign Policy

Somali Piracy and America's Enlightened Self-Interest: Reframing the Debate in Terms of Security and Soft Power – James T. Christy, United States Coast Guard Academy

Free Trade with China: For Better or Worse? – Oliver P. Thoma, Texas A&M University

III. Special Focus: Presidential Leadership in U.S. Relations with the Arab World

Presidential Leadership and Connecting Policy to Public Diplomacy: The Implications of the 2009 Cairo Speech – Melanie K. Ciolek, University of Southern California

Peace Process Aborted – Lucas M. Shaw, Columbia University

Obama, the Democracy Agenda and Political Islam: A New Way Forward? – Andrew Walchuk, University of Arkansas

Part 2 - On the Home Front: The Challenges of Domestic Policy

I. Structural Transformations in the Federal Government

Military Commissions as a Forum for Trying Terrorism Suspects – Alec G. Arellano, Colorado College

Harnessing the Blessings and Benefits of Technology: The President's Science Advisory Committee, Technological Skepticism and the Impediments to Sound Science and Technology Policy – Alexander J. Barton, Michigan State University

Secure Our Future: Add a Contingency Planning Group in the NSC – Tyson F. Belanger, Harvard University

A History of Red Planet Capital, Inc. – Tayler M. Lofquist, The George Washington University

II. Politics in a Diverse, Often Divided Nation

The Sectarian Religious Rhetoric of Presidents George W. Bush and Barack Obama – Martha E. Ferson, The University of the South

Divided Public, Divided Roles: Presidential Role Performance in a Polarized Political Climate – Caitlin V. Garrigan-Nass, Wake Forest University

Woodrow Wilson and Immigration: Hyphenates and the Failure to Unite America – Chelsea C. Gibson, North Georgia College and State University

III. Providing for the General Welfare: Understanding Reform at the Federal Level

The Influence of Issue-specific Knowledge on Public Evaluations of the Government's Handling of Health Care Reform – Christopher L. Carter, University of North Carolina- Chapel Hill

Using the Bully Pulpit: Presidential Influence on Passing Health Care Reform – Emma J. Chapman, Tulane University

Undoing a "Third Rail" of American Politics: Toward a Bipartisan Consensus on Criminal Justice Reform – Jonathan D. Erwin-Frank, Swarthmore College

Why Instructional Expenditures Matter in K-12 Public Education and How to Achieve Federal Title I Reform – John J. Lee, Northwestern University

Additional Papers of the 2010-2011 Presidential Fellows

“A New Way Forward” in the Middle East: Bridging the Gap between U.S. Rhetoric and Action Antinea Ascione, Trinity College

The Fine Line of Health-Care Politicking: A Comparative Analysis of Reform Efforts from Clinton to ObamaMaggie E. Astor, Barnard College

The Affairs of John F. Kennedy and Bill Clinton: A Media Revolution that Saved One Presidency and Tarnished AnotherKatherine A. Buonpastore, The Catholic University of America

The Life and Death of Presidential Policy Initiatives: An Analysis of the History of Health Care Reform in the United StatesTimothy H. Callaghan, University of Connecticut

Homeland Insecurity: The Deterioration of Federal Emergency Management in theTwenty-first CenturyKylie R. Cannon, Vassar College

Going International: Nuclear Policy in the Postmodern PresidencyThomas C. Chandler, The United States Air Force Academy

A Faustian Dilemma? The USA PATRIOT Act and the Compromise Between National Security and Civil LibertiesAugust Dombrow, Pennsylvania State University

Disaster Aid in Pakistan: A Foundation for International Development and DiplomacyCaitlin C. Edgar, Washington and Lee University

The Prerogative to Pursue War: A Cross-Presidential Examination on the Use of “Wartime Powers” and Its Influence on the Evolution of the Office of the PresidencyAlbert Edwards IV, Morehouse College

Conscience sans Science: Staging Science Diplomacy for the 21st CenturyAusten O. Edwards, Georgia Institute of Technology

The Administrative Power of the President: Environmental Policy from Clinton to ObamaSean Flanagan, University of Pennsylvania

A View of Current and Recent U.S.-Mexico Immigration PolicyAnthony A. Garcia, The Citadel

Obama’s New Federal Education Policy RegimeChristopher S. Gear, United States Naval Academy 

The Camp Davids: An Examination of President Carter and President Clinton’s Approach to the Arab-Israeli ConflictSheena R. Hall, Howard University

Organization and Crisis: The Creation of the Department of Homeland SecurityMatt Hein, United States Naval Academy

Defogging the Regulative Window: Assessing Interest Group Influence on the Regulatory Process of the United States – Emily M. Hendricks, University of Wisconsin-Madison

Leveraging with Friends: The Arab-Israeli Conflict under Clinton and Its Significance for the Obama AdministrationTimothy J. Hurley, Washington College

Evaluating the USG Response to the Tuberculosis EpidemicYe Jin Kang, Rice University

Supreme PromisesGabriel J. Krimm, Vanderbilt University

Politics in the Face of National Security: The Development of Missile DefenseAnna M. Lustoff, Gettysburg College

The Clean Air Act and the PresidencyKyle M. Magee, Rollins College

Where Have You Gone Federalism? The States Turn Their Lonely Eyes to You: An Empirical Investigation into the Rulings of the Rehnquist Court on Federalism CasesJoshua R. Meddaugh, University at Buffalo

Ineffective and Immoral Leadership in the Lead-up to WarMiheer V. Mhatre, Princeton University

From Inaction to Engagement: The Evolution of Presidential Responses to Mass AtrocitiesAndrew C. Miller, Georgetown University 

Presidential Rhetoric and its Effects on Electoral SuccessesAdam Mortillaro, Georgetown University

Forecasting Elections: Applying National Models to State Level DataAna Nikolic, Emory University

The Freedom of the Lame Duck: Presidential Effectiveness in the Post-Twenty-Second Amendment EraVincent A. Pacileo IV, University of Connecticut

Harry Truman and the Racial Politics of 1948Sekhar R. Paladugu, Stanford University

A Defining Conflict: The Obama Administrations v. The Roberts CourtAndrew Robb, Carnegie Mallon University

War Powers and the Age of TerrorismJohn Paul Royal, Institute of World Politics

The Effects of American Agricultural Subsidies on Trade with Brazil: The Necessityof a Move Towards Free TradeMaxwel A. Schneider, University of Cincinnati

Upholding Civil Liberties in Times of Crises: A Plan for Closing Guantanamo BayAmber R. Sells, United States Air Force Academy

Bridging the Health Policy Gap Between Congress, the President and Doctors: Where Does the American Medical Association Lie?Tatiana E. Semerjian, University of California-Los Angeles

Agents for Change: What Lessons Can Obama Learn from Truman’s Mistakes in Domestic Policy Reform?Alessandra Shaaya, Hofstra University

Foreign Combatants: The Extent of Presidential Powers – Kenneth R. Simon, Jr., Hampden-Sydney College

The Science of Federal Education Reform: Enduring Features of Successful Expansion of Federal Involvement in EducationErik R. Singh, Denison University

The Cycles of Presidential History: Where Are We Now?Hannah M. Solomon-Strauss

Constructive Engagement: The Need for a Progressive Cuban Lobby in Obama’s WashingtonMatthew B. Stieglitz, Cornell University

A Government of, by, or, just for the People: Public Opinion Polling and Government ResponsivenessAndrew J. Swick, The United States Military Academy

Reinvention to Reinvestment: The Act of Reshaping America through Public ServiceAdrienne L. Teague, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

A New Southern Strategy: The Republican Party and the Black VoteHenrik Temp, Colgate University

From the Conservative Coalition to Speaker Jim Wright: A Theoretical Perspective on Institutional Change and Leadership Conrad E. Trimbath, Middlebury College

From the Front-Porch to the Home Computer Screen: Applied Lessons from the McKinley Campaign of 1896Brian C. Wanglin, University of Michigan: Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy

U.S. and Them: An Incremental Approach to Immigration ReformPamela M. Weir, Smith College

The International Criminal Court Tian Tian Xin, United States Military Academy

American Perceptions, Chinese Realities: Roadmap for Congress in 21st Century U.S–China RelationsJiakun Jack Zhang, Duke University




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