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Text of A Dialogue on Presidential Challenges and Leadership: Papers of the 2009-2010 Center Fellows

Note -- The papers of the Center's Presidential Fellows program represent an individual Fellow's research. The papers have not been edited by the Center and do not represent the Center's positions, thoughts, or work.



Foreword - Dr. David M. Abshire, President

Mentors of the 2009-2010 Fellows

Named Presidential Fellowships

Preface- Alex J. Douville, Dean of Fellows, and Parry K. VanLandingham, Coordinator of the Fellows Program

Section 1 - The Bully Pulpit

Woodrow Wilson's Transformation of Manifest Destiny – Thomas P. Fowler, Denison University

National Security Agency Reform: An All or Nothing Bargain – G. Lee Robinson, Cornell University

Moral Courage and the Presidency: Eisenhower, McCarthy and Marshall – B. Barker Squire, Virginia Military Institute

Section 2 - Campaigns, Communications, and Elections

New Rules, New Game: Press-Presidency Interface Since the Advent of the White House Communications Office – Emily H. Bradley, Colgate University

Understanding the "God Talk Paradox": A Review of Presidential Religious Rhetoric and Public Opinion – Ellen A. Donnelly, Swarthmore College

Fireside Chats and Web Addresses: Can Obama Replicate FDR's Rhetorical Model Today? – Jaime L. Fuller, Middlebury College

Obama Exceptionalism: Wealthy Voters' Support of Obama in 2008 – Sarah E. Neuman, University of Michigan

Section 3 - Challenges Abroad

An International Agenda for Domestic Law Enforcement: United States Counternarcotics Policies in Mexico – Daniel K. Amzallag, Columbia University

The Origins of the U.S.-Israeli Strategic Relationship: Foreign Policy Decision-making under the Kennedy Administration – Sarath K. Ganji, Georgetown University

The United States and China: Policy Solutions for the World's Most Important Bilateral Relationship – Anthony Mascaro, The United States Air Force Academy

The U.S. Presidency and the Holy See: Nurturing Faith in Diplomatic Relations – Andrew J. Steele, Hamilton College

Section 4 – Domestic Challenges

The Double-Edged Sword of Justice: The Department of Justice as a Political Instrument and Administrator of Federal Law – Nicholas A. Deuschle, Wake Forest University

Revisiting the Council of Revision: Should the Power to Veto Legislation Extend to the Judiciary? – Lillian M. Lamboy, Smith College

Incentive-Based Compensation Structures in Public Schools – Christopher K. Mayer, University of Southern California

Let Sleeping Scandals Lie? T.H. White and the Consequences of Executive Accountability – Brian P. Palmiter, Michigan State University

Section 5 –The President and Policy

National Security Threats and the President's Foreign Policy Arsenal: Institutional Reform and Aid-Flows in America's Strategic Foreign Assistance – Nicholas R. Birger, The United States Naval Academy

On the Ocean Czar Concept: Formulation and Implementation – Noah L. Hudson, The United States Coast Guard Academy

The Private Sector and Foreign Assistance – Megan E. Larcom, Carnegie Mellon University

The Executive and the Environment: Presidential Decision-making on Environmental Treaties – Cody L. Meador, Southern Methodist University

A Loaded Weapon? The Future of Presidential Powers in the War on Terrorism – Nicholas W. Sher, Haverford College

Additional papers of the 2009-2010 Presidential Fellows

The Unfettered Presidency: A Review of the Constitutionality of Executive Prerogative M. Genevieve Aguilar, The Colorado College


The Decision to Intervene: The Price of Peace in the Era of International Terrorism Benjamin C. Backsmeier, United States Military Academy


The Evolution of the Office of the Vice Presidency: Cheney Did Not Start Any Trends Whitney L. Bouchard, United States Air Force Academy


Finding a Foundation for Peace:  Engaging Youth in the Middle East Amira E. Choueiki, Georgia Institute of Technology


The Evolution of U.S. Foreign Economic Policymaking: Competing, Cooperating, and Integrating with the National Security Council Matthew M. Clawson, University of California - Los Angeles


Is Devolution Possible? Tristan M. Daedalus, University at Buffalo


A Historical View on the Presidents’ Educational Policies Walter Ecton, Emory University


We the People: A Constitutional Debate Between the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists Elizabeth A. Erdmann, Long Island University


Franklin Delano Roosevelt and the Development of the Tennessee Valley Authority Tyler S. Forrest, University of Tennessee - Chattanooga


Educating the Presidents: Exploring the Link Between Post-Secondary Schooling and Presidential Greatness Scott L. Glabe, Yale University


Propaganda and the Presidency: The Limits of War Rhetoric in the Modern Presidency Alana R. Glaubiger, Hofstra University


Immigration Detention: Impending Reforms and Enduring Challenges Matthew J. Grimes, Brown University


Presidential Policy toward Hostile Regimes Shayne H. Henry, University of Arkansas


Jefferson, Washington & The Future of Faith-Based Initiatives Ryan N. Houston, University of Pennsylvania


Objectivism Then and Now: An Examination of Ayn Rand’s Philosophy in Times of Crisis Paige E. Ibanez, Texas A&M University


Chester Bowles in India: An Ambassador’s Agency Under Three Presidents Mark Iscoe, Yale University



The Silent Tsunami of Hunger and Malnutrition: An Analysis of the Shift from Emergency Food Aid to Increasing Agricultural Productivity under the Obama Administration to End Global Hunger Brad D. Johnson, Princeton University


Criminal Justice Reform Under President Bush: A Case Study of Policy Entrepreneurship Nipun G. Kant, Stanford University


Energy Policies for Public Buildings: Leading by the Best Example Susan A. Kayser, University of Cincinnati


Calhoun the Political Philosopher Joseph Kelly, Rollins College


The President in Latin America: Long-Term Trends in Historical Perspective Noah J. Koubenec, The Citadel


Room for Debate: The Policymaking Consequences of Presidential Scandal Daniel V. Kroop, Harvard University


Playing an Old Game by New Rules: Barack Obama and Civil Rights Legislation J. Aaron Lawson, Gettysburg College


Religion and Politics David T. Leapheart, University of Michigan


Two Bush Doctrines: How Presidential Prerogative Shaped Iraq War Outcomes Cathy M. Lian, Dartmouth College


An Examination of Theories of Lawmaking and Methods to Recover the Status Quo Location Nicholas P. Lillios, University of Wisconsin- Madison


Charter Schools and the Future of American Public Education Joseph R. Malarney, Trinity College


Citizens United, Campaign Finance, and the Constitution: How the President and Congress Should Regulate Foreign Expenditures on Domestic Elections Thomas S. Markey, Pennsylvania State University


American Idol or American Idle: Assessing Candidate Quality in Congressional Elections Tyler G. Matthews, United States Military Academy


Presidentially-supported “Soft Power” Programs in the United States-led Reconstruction of Germany Jacob A. Menke, The College of William and Mary


The Road to Copenhagen: The Role of the Obama Administration in Shaping the Political Climate of Climate Change Leading to COP 15 Michael A. Mian, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill


Energy Research, Development, and Application John Miller, United States Naval Academy


Yes, We Can… Create Positive Soundbites: The Evolving Relationship Between the Soundbite and the American Presidency – Kayce M. Mobley, Sewanee: The University of the South


Moving Beyond Rhetoric: Public Diplomacy and Strategic Influence in Action Lance C. Mogard, Institute of World Politics


Czar Struck: Sorting Through the Misconceptions and Understanding the Implications of an Expanding ‘Czar’ Phenomenon Kathryn J. Murphy, United States Military Academy

The Role of Emotional Intelligence in Presidential Leadership – Sarah Ofosu-Ameyaw, Washington College



Health Problems, Media and the Campaign: Lessons from Eisenhower Thomas A. Panighetti, Gannon University


Cutting Ties with Venezuela’s Petroleum Christopher A. Smith, United States Coast Guard Academy


Questioning the Tenth Justice: An Evaluation of the Solicitor General’s Role as the President’s Most Important Policy Tool Darylen M. Terry, Tulane University


Democracy, International Theory, and Executive Action M. Beth Valentine, Washington and Lee University


The End of Politics in a Mediated Public Sphere William N. Zichawo, Vassar College


Rethinking the Cuban Trade Embargo: An Opportune Time to Mend a Broken Policy Chelsea A. Zimmerman, Barnard College

Staff Contact
For more information on A Dialogue on Presidential Challenges and Leadership: Papers of the 2009-2010 Center Fellows, please contact Parry VanLandingham, Director of the Presidential Fellows Program, via This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it or at 202-872-9800.