Home Publications Presidential Fellows Works A Dialogue on Presidential Challenges and Leadership: Papers of the 2008-2009 Center Fellows

Text of A Dialogue on Presidential Challenges and Leadership: Papers of the 2008-2009 Center Fellows

Fellow_2009_coverNote -- The papers of the Center's Presidential Fellows program represent an individual Fellow's research. The papers have not been edited by the Center and do not represent the Center's positions, thoughts, or work.


Foreword - Dr. David M. Abshire, President

Mentors of the 2008-2009 Fellows

Named Presidential Fellowships

Preface- Gary Donato, Ph.D., Bentley College Mentor to the Fellows Program

Section 1 - The Bully Pulpit

The Role of the Taft Administration in the Taft Supreme Court – John W. Akin, Georgia Institute of Technology

The Forgotten One: Why Lyndon Johnson’s Struggle for Civil Rights Mattered as Much as Martin Luther King, Jr.’s – Zachary W. Byer, University of Pennsylvania

Executive Power in Times of Crisis: Presidential Action and Supreme Court Reaction – Wesley B. O’Dell, Washington and Lee University

The Executive Privilege Enigma – Hayley E. Robb, Sewanee: The University of the South

Eating Soup with a Knife in the White House: Bush, the Surge for Counterinsurgency – Adam L. Willner, Georgetown University

Section 2 - Campaigns and Communications

Framing Emotional Appeals in Campaign Communication – Andrea Martinez, University of Southern California

The Impact of Gender on Presidential and Vice Presidential Candidate Wartime Rhetoric – Caitlin M. O’Malley, Pennsylvania State University

Primaries and Caucuses: Effects on General Elections- C. Zachary Rosenberg, Columbia University

Section 3 - Challenges Abroad

Credibility and Nixon Administration Strategy in Ending the Vietnam War, 1969-1973 – Benjamin A. Bodurian, Williams College

The Bush Administration and the Classification of al Qaeda: America’s Strategy for Counterterrorism in the Twenty-First Century – Jeffrey S. Deitel, United States Coast Guard Academy

The Missiles of November: Able Archer 83 and Reagan’s Turn from Confrontation to Rapprochement – Nathan Bennett Jones, The George Washington University

The Perils of Exclusionary Decision-Making: Infighting, Incoherence, and Myth in Sino-U.S. Normalization – William A. Lundin, Dartmouth College

Breaking Past Isolationism: Wilson’s Partisan Failure and Truman’s Bipartisan Success – Daniel Mahaffee, Georgetown University

A Unilateral U.S. and Resurgent Russia: U.S. - Russia Relations 2000-2008 – Lauren T. Winchester, Carnegie Mellon University

Section 4 – Domestic Challenges

A Presidential Exercise in Organizational Leadership: Coordinating the Interagency in Crisis Management Policy – Stephen L. Giattino, United States Military Academy

Party Control and Budget Estimates – Lara Palanjian, University of California – Berkeley

The Presidential Agenda and the Blogosphere: A Study of Communication on the Bush Immigration Policy – Kimberly L. Paschall, Wake Forest University

A Task Befitting the Gods: Rethinking the Role of the Director of National Intelligence – Joseph S. Shamalta, University of California – Los Angeles

Influences, Evolution, and Future of Federal K-12 Education Policy- Brenda N. Voloshin, University of Wisconsin – Madison

Small Victories and the Limits of Presidential Influence: Rethinking the Legacy of Clinton’s Effort to Lift the Ban on Gay and Lesbian Service in the United States Armed Forces – Linda Zang, Brown University

Section 5 – additional papers of the 2008-2009 Presidential Fellows

Lincoln, McClellan, and the Development of a Commander in Chief – Vincent Wilson Abruzzese, Virginia Military Institute

Mind Over Policy: How Cognitive Processes Continue to Impede Russian-American Relations – Carlie J. Armstrong, The Colorado College

Are We Doing Enough? Sustainable Democracy Promotion and the Millennium Challenge – Elle Beard, University of Michigan Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy

The President and China: Shifts in Summit Diplomacy in the Post- Cold War Environment – John E. Campion, United States Naval Academy

Seeing Green: Presidential Perspective and Environmentalism – Joshua T. Eagan, University at Buffalo

Talking it up: Do Presidents Increase Discussion of the Economy in Election Years? – Anthony G. Fowler, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Understanding the Actors and Their Interactions at the Science Policy Nexus: A Case Study of Genetically Modified Foods (GMF) Policy – Karishma S. Furtado, University of Chicago

Delegate-Trusteeship: Then and Now – Greg S. Gellert, Denison University

Divided Governments and Tough Choices – Brandon Gould, University of Virginia

The Bork Precedent: Reagan, Bork, and the “Double-Edged Sword” of Original Intent – Natasha A.S. Haney, Smith College

Presidential Message Politics, the Congress, and the Veto as a Legislative Weapon – David B. Husband, The College of William and Mary

The Permanent Campaign in the First Term Presidential Calendar – C. Reade Jacob, Jr., Davidson College

American Foreign Policy: The Bush Doctrine and Preventative War – Thomas Lai, Long Island University – CW Post

18 Million Cracks: Why Women Have Yet to Shatter the White House’s Glass Ceiling – Tamar Lerer, Swarthmore College

From Commander in Chief to Almighty Savior – Anthony E. Listi, Texas A&M University

An Analysis of the Influence o f Presidents with Previous Legislative Experience in Congress – William N. Maxwell, North Georgia College and State University

Education Reform and the President – Matthew W. McCallum, United States Air Force Academy

Striking the Balance: Truman, Reagan, and the Role of the President in Organized Labor Disputes – Olivia Mae Meeks, University of Arkansas

The Executive and the Supreme Court in a Time of War – Trevor D. Mills, Norwich University

How Implicit is Implicit? Testing Leadership as a Racial Appeal in Biracial Elections – Will Mirrer, University of Michigan

Claims of Executive Privilege and Executive Order 13233 in Light of Unitary Executive Theory – Rachel Morgan, Southern Methodist University

Rubber Morals: An Analysis and Codifying of the Relationship between a President and his Press Secretary – Erin L. Murphy, The Catholic University of America

Hegemony Is Out; Leadership Is In – William N. Murray, United States Naval Academy

Barack Obama and the Death of the Traditional Presidential Campaign – James L. Nance, George Mason University

Crime and Politics: Measuring the Importance of Community Policing upon the 2004-2006 Upturn in Violent Crime – Fay O. Pappas, Rollins College

Presidential Presumption: Power to Make War – Thomas K. Pappas, University of Notre Dame

Public Service: Campaign Rhetoric or a Plausible Initiative? – Madeline B. Peters, Louisiana State University

Identifying Conceptions of the Public Opinion/Foreign Policy Nexus – Joshua N. Price, Harvard College

Green or Green Screen: a Historical Analysis and In-Depth Look at the President’s Role in Overcoming Major Social, Environmental, and Economic Challenges – Ryan R. Rosenweig, University of Cincinnati

Service- Learning as a Cornerstone of National Service: Evidence in Support of President Obama’s National Service Plans – Sara A. Rudow, Cornell University

Inequality in America: Democratic Gains from Relative Deprivation – Caroline Savello, Yale University

Ignorance is not Bliss: The Importance of Understanding Chinese Culture for Foreign Policy – Allison Schneider, Tulane University

Building Political Will – Joshua C. Shulman, University of Connecticut

A Tall Task: The Significance and Role of Special Advisors in the Middle East – Rex C. Steele, United States Military Academy

Divided Government Impairs Effective Response the Fiscal Shock: An Empirical Analysis in Comparative Political Economy – Austin Thompson, Howard University

Joint Military Exercises: An Opportunity for Cooperation Between the United States and China – Xiaobin Tuo, United States Coast Guard Academy

Momentum in the 2008 Democratic Presidential Primary – Amanda Rose Vaughn, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Presidential Involvement in the Arab- Israeli Conflict – Daniel J. Walters, The Citadel

Why the White House Has Yet to Go Green: An Analysis of George W. Bush’s Kyoto and Post- Kyoto Decision- Making in Terms of Presidential Imperatives – Shannon Mary Weiner, Barnard College

YouTube and Voter Cognitive Perspective – Geryah A. White, United States Military Academy

The Politics Economics Make – Adam Zimmerman, Colgate University


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