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Text of A Dialogue on Presidential Challenges and Leadership: Papers of the 2007-2008 Center Fellows


Note -- The papers of the Center's Presidential Fellows program represent an individual Fellow's research. The papers have not been edited by the Center and do not represent the Center's positions, thoughts, or work.


Foreword - Dr. David M. Abshire, President

Mentors of the 2007-2008 Class

Named Fellowships by School

Preface - Shirley Anne Warshaw, Ph.D., Gettysburg College Mentor to the Presidential Fellows Program

Section 1 - Analyzing Foreign Policy

Power, Politics, and Identity: President Carter and the Forging of the Camp David Accords - Sara E. Del Nido, Dartmouth College

Realism and Ideology: U.S.-China Relations in the Reagan Administration, 1981-1985 - Tyler Carl Jost, United States Military Academy

One Hundred Days of Violence: An Examination of Inaction in Presidential Foreign Policy - Darby C. Driscoll, United States Naval Academy

Clinton, Congress, and Kosovo: A Look at Presidential War Power - Stephen T. Miller, University of Notre Dame

From Patriot to Lapel Pin: The Evocation of Patriotism in George Washington's Farewell Address and the Modern Presidency - Michael D. Breidenbach, Northwestern University

Section 2 - Elections and Transitions

The Rules That Shape the Election - Jason R. Bello, Columbia University

Poetry and Prose: The Dichotomy of Presidential Campaign Rhetoric and Leadership Agendas- Thomas Moyer, College of William and Mary

The President's Vertical Power of Persuasion: George W. Bush in the Gubernatorial Elections of 2006 - Andrew Glubzinski, United States Military Academy

U.S.-China Policy: Campaign Rhetoric vs. Presidential Action - Clayton W. Skinner, Georgia Institute of Technology

Section 3 - Domestic Challenges

Pink Slips, Prosecutors and Politics: The Politicization of the Bush Administration's Department of Justice - Matthew J. Barragan, University of California, Los Angeles

The Peace Corps and the Politics of National Service - David H. Korn, Princeton University

New Times, New Ideas: How the Modern Think Tank has Changed Presidential Relations with Policy Intellectuals - Daniel S. Fichtler, Colgate University

From Fraud to Responsibility: A Discourse Analysis of the Speeches of Two Presidents in Their Quest to Implement Welfare Reform - Jennesa N. Calvo-Friedman, Swarthmore College

The Secret World of Compassionate Conservatism: Faith Based Initiatives in the Bush Administration - Rachel L. Burg, Gettysburg College

Section 4 - Executive Power in the Modern Presidency

A Democratic Legacy: Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal - Katherine A. Fourmy, University of Arkansas

Presidential Persuasion and Power: Lessons from the Johnson Administration and Parallels to the Bush Administration - Leigh R. Phillips, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Blurring Separation of Powers: The Role of Constitutional Interpretation - Jonathan S. Gould, Harvard University

Cloaking Torture with a Signing Statement: George W. Bush and the Detainee Treatment Act of 2005 - Hrishikesh N. Hari, Rice University

Unitary Executive Theory, Signing Statements, and the Expansion of Presidential War Powers Under President George W. Bush - Andrew K. Mehdizadeh, Washington College

Classifying the American Vice Presidency: To Which Branch Does the Office Belong? - Blaise G. Patzkowski, University of California, Berkeley

Section 5 - Additional Fellows Papers for 2007-2008

A Warm Bucket of Spit: Personality and the Vice Presidency - James C. Alexander, Vanderbilt University

En-route to Containment: Domestic Roots of American Foreign Policy, 1945-1947 - Todd D. Baty, Southern Methodist University

Presidents and the Health Care Promise - Charles M. Boyle, Johns Hopkins University

Executive Secrecy: George W. Bush and Beyond - Nancy L. Brittain, The Colorado College

Why the United States Should Promote Democracy in Latin America - Ashley Brown, Carnegie Mellon University

The President as Prime Minister: George W. Bush and Congress, 2001-2007 - Drew Cannon, George Mason University

The Independence of the Federal Reserve: Is It Essential? - Christina N. Chavez, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Concentric Electorates: Relationships between Municipal, Midterm, and Presidential Voters - Dustin G. Cho, Yale University

The Lure of Simplicity - Mackenzie S.P. Colella, Virginia Military Institute

Illegal Detentions: How Roosevelt and Bush Expanded Presidential Power - Emma L. Cox, Haverford College

The War Within: Presidential Versus Congressional Supremacy in War Powers - Royal Gene Cravens, Sewanee, The University of the South

Securing the Agricultural Sector: An Investigation of the Potential Economic Impact of an Agro-Terrorist Attack - Avery C. Daugherty, James Madison University

John F. Kennedy: A Country Divided by Color - Vincent E. DePaolo, Long Island University

The Road to the White House: Trends in the American Electorate and the Challenges it Presents to Wining the Presidential Election - Sara Dorchak, Long Island University

Coverage of the Iraq War and President George W. Bush on Local Television News: Does Presidential Approval Matter? - Kyle A. Dropp, University of Wisconsin, Madison

Hard Power: 9/11's Legacy for American National Security Policy - Matthew C. Forman, United States Naval Academy

The Alternative Minimum Tax: Wealth Tax or Middle Class Burden? - Nicholas M. Furtwengler, University of Cincinnati

The Process of Nominating a Presidential Candidate: The Democratic Candidates and the Theory and Practice of Deliberation in the United States Caucusing System - Brenda Nicole Galvan, Barnard College of Columbia University

The Temporal Legacy of the Monroe Doctrine - Sean C. Gemerek, State University of New York at Buffalo

Iowa Caucus 2008: Reselling Retail Politics - Hollie Russon Gilman, University of Chicago

Re-election Repositioning: Presidents Clinton and Truman and their Republican Congresses - James H. Glenn III, Cornell University

Corporate Leadership in a Public President: George H.W. Bush - Jonathon E. Glueck, Texas A&M University

The Politics of Poverty: The Legacy of Lyndon Baines Johnson - Sara M. Goldstein, Smith College

Why Do People Vote? The Case for Political Efficacy - Joshua K. Harder, Stanford University

A Majority of One: Presidential Leadership Through Executive Orders - Patrick S. Harrington, Georgetown University

The Bush Doctrine: Take It or Leave It? - Sarah S. Harvey, University of Virginia

Is the United States Commander in Chief also Chief Financial Officer? Characterizing the President's Role in Generating and Sustaining Economic Policy - Arnita Hayden, Howard University

The Effect of Media Coverage on the Level of Presidential SupportGiven to Supreme Court Nominees - Scott Howard, University of Connecticut

The Expansion of Presidential Power since 2000: The Return of the Plebiscitary Presidency - Jason W. Isgrigg, North Georgia College and State University

A New Direction: Anti-Terrorism Court - Matthew T. Krueger, United States Coast Guard Academy

The U.S.-Saudi Alliance: A Necessary Shift toward Peace - Joseph A. Lazazzero, Wake Forest University

Negotiating Public and Private Roles in Presidential Crisis Speeches - Samuel A.A. Levine, Washington University in St. Louis

Climate Change and the Presidency - Adam C. Lovell, Middlebury College

Presidential Decision Making and the Role of Intelligence: Pre-war Planning for Iraq - Jennifer J. Matystik, Mount Holyoke College

Media Frames in September 11 Coverage: Therapeutic or Inflammatory? A Case Study of Four American Newspapers from September 12, 2001-September 19, 2001 - Gillian R. McHale, The George Washington University

Exclusive Discretion: Presidential Purposes for Issuing Pardons - Stephen P. Miller, Jr., Rollins College

Thomas Jefferson and the Precedents of Presidential Decision Making - Amanda S. Molyneux, United States Military Academy

Presidential Power and the Constitution Challenging the Court's Authority: A Missed Opportunity or a Use of Presidential Prerogatives? - Brittany R. Nagel, The Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina

The White Glove Pulpit? The Changing Role of the Modern First Lady - Christine M. Orawsky, The Catholic University of America

The Quiet Option: Presidential Use of Covert Operations in American History - Micah R. Redfield, United States Air Force Academy

Visionary Achievement: Science and Government in Synergy - Michael J. Reynolds, Williams College

Reevaluating the Oil Problem: Synthetic Fuels and the Next President - Joseph Sahid, University of Pennsylvania

The Evolution of U.S. Policies Against Terrorism - Eliot E. Schmidt, The Pennsylvania State University

"We Shall Not Surrender": Kennedy, the Berlin Crisis, and the Effective Use of the Rhetorical Presidency - Jessica A. Schoenherr, Michigan State University

Message Control: Presidential Manipulation of the Mass Media - Karuna Seshasai, University of Michigan

His Eyes are Watching You: Domestic Surveillance, Civil Liberties and Executive Power during Times of National Crisis - Matthew L. Small, United States Air Force Academy

Burying the Big Stick - Stefan A. Smith, Brown University

Would You become a Devil to Catch Satan? - Brooks A. Sommer, Institute of World Politics

"Are We Going to Abilene?" The War in Iraq: Unreliable Intelligence Leads to Questionable Leadership - Natalie K. Stake, Gannon University

The Vietnam that Should Have Been - Richard J. Stirling, Tulane University

George Bush: Executive Power During an Unprecedented War - Maja Szumarska, Hofstra University

Presidential Campaigns: Agenda for the Presidency or Rhetoric for the People? - Jerry P. Tsai, University of Cincinnati

George W. Bush and Executive Privilege: Balancing Power Between the Energetic Executive and an Inquisitive Congress - Alexandra E. Utsey, Washington and Lee University

The Domestic Roots of Reagan's Global Gag Rule: A Case Study in Global Health Diplomacy - Sarah K. Wallace, Duke University

Reagan and the Montreal Protocol: Environmentalism at its Unlikely Finest - Jessica L. Whittemore, University of Southern California

Richard Nixon: Befriending the Red Dragon, China - Nathan A. Wiegand, Norwich University

The Administrative Presidency: Influencing Environmental Policy in the United States, 1970-2008 - Lauren Woodall, Davidson College

Advice and Consent upon Questions of Law - David W. Zukowski, United States Coast Guard Academy

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