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Religion and Diplomacy
A Look at America and the Vatican


The Holy See, as the sovereign government of the Roman Catholic Church, was the world’s first global institution, predating contemporary globalization by centuries.  It has survived nearly a millennium of wars and political turmoil that lay waste to empires and other regimes.

Today, the Holy See is headquartered in Vatican City, a landlocked city-state located in a walled enclave within the city of Rome, Italy.  With an area of 0.17 square mile and a population of less than 1000, the Vatican is the smallest sovereign state in the world.  From this small city-state, the Holy See and the Bishop of Rome (or the Pope) serve as the leader of the Catholic Church and its 1.2 billion followers worldwide. Ambassador Miguel Humberto Diaz is the current U.S. Ambassador to the Holy See.

Despite its extensive international presence, the Holy See is poorly understood in the United States and abroad.  To remedy this gap in knowledge, Ambassador Francis Rooney, former U.S. Ambassador to the Holy See (2005-2008), will share his experiences and insights in this forthcoming book Beyond the White Line: The Holy See in International Affairs.  Ambassador Rooney will explore the politics and diplomacy of the Holy See, from the French Revolution (the beginning of the modern age) through today, with a special focus on U.S.-Vatican diplomacy.