The Honorable Thomas R. Pickering retired from the State Department in 2000 as Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs. In a diplomatic career with service in each of the major continents, Pickering also served as U.S. Ambassador to the Russian Federation, India, Israel, El Salvador, Nigeria, and Jordan. He also was the U.S. Ambassador and Representative to the United Nations in New York, and has held additional positions in Tanzania, Geneva, and Washington, including as Assistant Secretary of State for the Bureau of Oceans, Environmental and Scientific Affairs and as Executive Secretary of the Department and Special Assistant to Secretaries of State William P. Rogers and Henry A. Kissinger. After retiring from the State Department, Pickering joined the Boeing Company as Senior Vice President of International Relations and is currently Vice-Chairman of Hills and Company International Consultants, while also serving on several not-for-profit Boards.